1.) Trauma from Heat Inhalation

A lung burn occurs when hot air is directly inhaled. Typically, this type of thermal inhalation injury affects only the upper airways, because the trachea shields the lung from thermal inhalation. Steam has a greater chance at being inhaled beyond the upper airways and into the secondary airways because it has a greater thermal capacity than dry air. Thermal inhalation can also take place through the nose causing damage to the mucous membranes.

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